I wonder whether there are some non standard realizations of /k/ and /g/ in back environments (surrounded by a, ı, o, u).
I have been taught that /k/ and /g/ have palatal allophones [c], [ɟ] in front environments and velar allophones [k], [g] in back environments in Standard Turkish. But I wondered whether in some dialects (especially in Eastern and Southern Anatolian dialects) or in Osmanli, hard [g] and [k] were pronounced as velar/uvular fricatives [ɣ ~ ʁ] [x ~ χ] or perhaps as uvular stops [ɢ] and [q].
Maybe it is only with /k/.
My question has been motivated by some observations. Indeed here are some borrowings in Armenian of Turkish words with a hard /k/ in Turkish. I found that Kurdish borrowings exhibit the same phenomenon.
baklava → pʰaχlavakaplan → ʁapʰlan, χapʰlan
fıstık → fəstəχ
çocuk → t͡ʃʰod͡ʒuχ
(Note that Armenian language has /k/ and /g/ but not /q/).
So does anyone have an idea which could explain this?
Thank you for reading