c/p/t behind n/m/r/l less likely to become g/b/d in Romance?

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Lusus Naturae

Senior Member
Many of them remain surd, like alto, barca, puerta, sempre, viento, ...
But I've seen conde < comitem and linde < limitem, are there many more examples of c/p/t behind n/m/r/l becoming g/b/d?
  • As far as I understand, c/p/t after n/m/r/l don't become voiced in Romance (at least not in the dialects at the basis of the standard languages). The cases with voicing, as can be seen from your examples, have it occurred before the syncope, i. e. comitem>*comide>conde, also aliquod>*aligo>algo, *debita>*debida>debda>deuda.


    Senior Member
    And in French it's unpredictable whether syncope will happen before voicing, or voicing before syncope.


    Senior Member
    Catalan (Catalonia), Spanish (Spain)
    There are several instances of such a voicing in Aragonese (aldo, cambo < CAMPU, chungo < JUNCU, etc) which are even more widespread in toponymy (Pandicosa, Benduso < VENTOSU, etc)
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