1. G

    Sanskrit: etad vimarse sivasutrajaalam

    This is about the arrangement of Sanskrit phonemes in Panini’s Astadhyayi. The legend of the revelation to Panini of the ‘Maheswara sutras’ that organise Sanskrit phonemes Is described in the following verse: "नृत्तावसाने नटराजराजो ननाद ढक्कां नवपञ्चवारम्। उद्धर्तुकामः सनकादिसिद्धान् एतद्विमर्शे...
  2. MonsieurGonzalito

    Urdu, Hindi, Sanskrit: گھوم تانا

    Friends, "Ghoom Tana" is a song, written by Salman Ahmad, from the Pakistani Sufi-pop band Junoon. Ghoom Taana - Wikipedia Apparently is a semi-autobiographical song because it narrates the migration of his family from Patiala to Lahore. I translation sites, the song's title is left...
  3. J

    Hindi, Sanskrit: वङ्गालय

    The Spoken Sanskrit website gives वङ्गालय bungalow but no other dicts. have that. Hindi "bangala" is bungalow and H. वङ्गालय is given as school. Is the Skt word a mistake ? Is school the correct H. वङ्गालय ? As Vanga became Bengal in 1200s , is वङ्गालय an ancient H. form originally...
  4. pordiosero

    Sanskrit: Jalastambhanam

    Hi there! What is the meaning of the word Jalastambhanam? EIGHT MAJOR SIDDHIS. An accomplished, Purnayogi in the path of Kundalini Yoga is in possession of eight major Siddhis, viz., Anima, Mahima, Laghima, Garima, Prapti, Prakamya, Vasitvam and Ishitvam. 1. Anima: The Yogi can become as...
  5. A

    Sanskrit: Instrumental singular कथायोगेन in MBh 3:278:1

    And it's on to chapter 2 of the story of Sāvitrī and Satyavān in the Mahābhārata. I must admit, I'm finding the grammar of these verses quite difficult to sort out. What's really got me scratching my head is कथायोगेन - why is it in the instrumental singular? But we'll get to that in a minute...
  6. Perseas

    Sanskrit: Sarvapapavyakaram kuçalosyôpasampradam

    Hello, I read an article that was written by a Greek writer in the 1890s. The article praises the Sanskrit language. Here's a short excerpt he cites, but there's no translation of it. I'd be grateful, if anyone could translate it! Sarvapapavyakaram kuçalosyôpasampradam Svatchittaparidasmanam...
  7. A

    Sanskrit: स्वराज्ये चावसत्प्रीतः प्रजा धर्मेण पालयन्

    What I hope will be a fairly interesting grammatical question. I'm still on the Story of Sāvitrī and Satyavān in the Mahābhārata and I reached this verse, which I found quite complex grammatically: अन्तर्हितायां सावित्र्यां जगाम स्वगृहं नृपः । स्वराज्ये चावसत्प्रीतः प्रजा धर्मेण पालयन् ॥ १-२०...
  8. A

    Sanskrit: स्वरूपिणी तदा राजन्दर्शयामास तं नृपम्

    Another slightly perplexing construction from the Mahābhārata has got me hitting my head against a wall a little bit. The line in question is, in my edition, the third of three: However, in other editions it may appear as the first of three: The word that interests me is दर्शयामास. This is...
  9. A

    Sanskrit: षष्ठे षष्ठे तदा काले बभूव मितभोजनः

    So I was reading a bit of the Mahābhārata and I got stuck on this verse from the Sāvitryupākhyāna or the Story of Sāvitrī and Satyavān: हुत्वा शतसहस्रं स सावित्र्या राजसत्तम। षष्ठे षष्ठे तदा काले बभूव मितभोजनः ॥ १-९ ॥ I'll be honest, I don't know how to parse the second half of this verse...
  10. septitchy

    Hindi/Sanskrit(?): Goluma Ekdama Tajidevum! Chuptum Makkama Jhaptum

    Hello everyone, I came across a sentence in Rohinton Mistry's novel "A Fine Balance", in which some villagers of lower caste were insulting a Brahmin behind his back. I'm not sure what language this is, but judging by the story it should be mock Sanskrit using Hindi words concerning buggery...
  11. M

    Sanskrit: etymology of ॐ ?

    Hi there. I am sure that this question may have been posited before, but I cannot find any information on it. Does ॐ, the "sacred syllable" of the Upanishads have any etymological meaning going back to the PIE roots? I have read that it connotes the concept of "beginning" or "a beginning", but...
  12. H

    Hindi/Sanskrit: बहिर्ज्ञान (Bahir.gyaan / Outer Knowledge) and अन्तर्ज्ञान (Antar.gyaan / Inner Knowledge)

    I have a very narrow question. Given my interest in languages, I was asked by someone who is trying to translate a book into Hindi. Can these terms be used in the context of any general repository or system of knowledge, in terms of what is known internally within the system versus truths not...
  13. marrish

    All Indo-Iranian Languages: aspirated consonants mʱ nʱ lʱ [*rʱ *yʱ *ʋʱ *ɳʱ]?

    In the phonetic inventories of most of Indo-Aryan languages (like Urdu, Hindi, Marathi, Bengali etc.) there is a class of aspirated, "breathy" consonants. An apt example of these aspirated consonants is from Devanagari script for Sanskrit: ख /kʱ/ घ /gʱ/ छ /t͡ʃʱ/ झ /d͡ʒʱ/ थ /t̪ʱ/ ध /d̪ʱ/ ठ...
  14. Shounak

    Sansrkit:यदेमि॑ प्रस्फु॒रन्नि॑व॒ दृति॒र्न ध्मा॒तो अ॑द्रिवः

    Hello, Can anyone please help me understanding a word to word translation of the following shloka ? It is RigVeda Book 7 hymn 89: यदेमि॑ प्रस्फु॒रन्नि॑व॒ दृति॒र्न ध्मा॒तो अ॑द्रिवः । मृ॒ळा सु॑क्षत्र मृ॒ळय॑ ॥ क्रत्वः॑ समह दी॒नता॑ प्रती॒पं ज॑गमा शुचे । मृ॒ळा सु॑क्षत्र मृ॒ळय॑ ॥ अ॒पां मध्ये॑...
  15. K

    Sanskrit अप्रियशंशनमर्थे

    Hello everybody, I am trying to translate a passage of the वेदार्थदीपिका (cf. Macdonell, Arthur Anthony [ed.], 1886: Kâtyâyana’s Sarvânukamanî of the Rigveda with Extracts from Shadgurusishya’s Commentary Entitled Vedârthadîpikâ, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 107-8 = 135-6 of the PDF; cf...
  16. G

    Sanskrit: विसर्ग

    Hi everyone. How is विसर्ग pronounced in Sanskrit? I thought it was the unvoiced counterpart of ह. Of course, I had no idea how to pronounce it because none of the languages I know have an h sound that is unvoiced. In fact, I don’t think there are any living languages that have an unvoiced h...
  17. A

    What is the etymology of the Indic word, daku?

    I ask because Internet sources state that it comes from the Hindustani word, dakait. However, as Hindustani has words from Sanskrit and Arabic. I was wondering whether dakait is taken from the Arabic word for banditry: qatie
  18. B

    Sanskrit: She who is born in the "rasa" of dance

    Hello! A friend of mine is asking for help to translate certain phrases in to Sanskrit for a tattoo. My Sanskrit it not so good but I think the phrase is quite simple. Is there anybody who could verify this try of mine? (For example, is it gramatical? Is it usable/understantable? Is there more...
  19. B

    Sanskrit: Dance of the gods

    Hello! A friend of mine is asking for help to translate certain phrases in to Sanskrit for a tattoo. My Sanskrit it not so good but I think the phrase is quite simple. Is there anybody who could verify this try of mine? (For example, is it gramatical? Is it usable/understantable? Is there more...
  20. K

    Sanskrit शतुर्ङित्त्व, "śaturṅittva"?

    Hello everybody, I am trying to translate Sāyaṇa's commentary to Ṛgveda, III, 33, and I am struggling to disentangle a word or sequence of words which I have found on the following editions: MÜLLER, F. M. (ed.), 1890 (2nd ed.): Rig-veda Samhitâ. The Sacred Hymns of the Brâhmans, Together...
  21. K

    Sanskrit: antarṇītasannartho lihiḥ अनतर्णीतसन्नर्थो लि

    Hello everybody, I am trying to translate Sāyaṇa's commentary on "Ṛgveda", III, 33, and I have found a sequence (for I think there are several words written together, according to the "devanāgarī" rules), which I cannot figure out. I have tried to separate its elements in all the ways that have...
  22. S

    Hindi, Marathi, Sanskrit: मुद्रेयं लोकमंगला

    Good morning, I'm translating a financial document which has the BoM logo like in the picture below: What could the the phrase in the circle on the logo mean?.. मुद्रेयं could mean 'financial', but the rest?.. If anyone has...
  23. Stana

    Sanskrit: Free spirit

    Hola a todos, Necesito la traducción de Soy un espíritu libre en Sánscrito. Muchas gracias.
  24. J

    Skt . Kala Kalapa

    kalA "atom" kAla "era" kalApa " bundle" kAla-kAleSu "at every time" kalpa "long period of time" kAlakalpa "like death" Kala Kalapa has various translations such as " all the arts , all the sciences, lord of the three realms". How would Sakala...
  25. L

    Predecessor(s) of Vedic Sanskrit

    Hi all, i am doing some research in late time, since i got some new discoveries and wondering if anyone know to point me in some direction, Language before Sanskrit (Rigveda) Thank you
  26. ainex

    Sanskrit/Pali: Anand Ha Ne/ Anand Hani/ Ananda Ha Ni

    Good day, dear Forum Members Some time ago my father had a vivid dream that intrigued me to the bone. An Indian looking woman told him "Anande Ha Ni", he woke up & scribbled down her message "Anand Hani". He is not into spirituality nor languages, he just instinctively felt her message is...
  27. aevynn

    Sanskrit, Bengali: tadā nāśaṁsē maraṇāya sañjaya

    Hello! I was reading Tagore's Gora, in a Hindi translation by Devraj. Not too far in, there's a line where the eponymous Gora mentions the hands of Binoy's love interest, Binoy finds the conversation is headed in an uncomfortable direction and tries to redirect the conversation, and then Gora...
  28. Skatinginbc

    Sanskrit: Mātaṇga

    Is /ṇ/ in the name "Kāśyapa Mātaṇga" really pronounced as [ɳ] (ण)? Or is it merely a scribal variant of /ṅ/ or /ṁ/ (mātaṁga मातंग ‘an elephant’)? If it truly represents a retroflex nasal, what variety of Indo-Iranian language could that name (Mātaṇga) be? Thanks.
  29. A

    Sanskrit: Om satchidānanda parabrahma purushothama

    Hello. I am interested in having this written out in sanskrit characters: Om satchidānanda parabrahma purushothama paramātmā sri bhagavati sameta sri bhagavate namaha hari om tat sat. Thank you!
  30. Skatinginbc

    Sanskrit: pronunciation of cakram

    Sanskrit cakram 'the wheel of a carriage, a potter's wheel, a circle, ring' Is it pronounced as (1) ca-kram, (2) cak-ram, or (3) cakr-am? Thanks
  31. Shounak

    Sanskrit: वैशम्पायन उवाच

    Hello, Can anyone please help me translate this with word to word meaning? Is there anywhere left hand is mentioned?
  32. S

    Urdu/Hindi/Awadhi/Bhojpuri/Sarnami: Mienaahie/Meenahi/میناہی

    Hi, can anyone tell me what "meenahi" (Dutch spelling: mienaahie) means and where this word originates from. My first guess is that it means a "crowd" or crowded area, but I may be wrong. (Dutch-based spelling) Ham kabhie na ekgo rasta me djaaila djaha mienaahie hai. (Nastaliq) ہم کبھی نہ...
  33. S

    Hindi, Urdu: دوئی پرانی duu'i paraanii

    Hello, While reading texts in Sarnami, there are several words which are new to me, as a native speaker of newer Awadhi/Standard Urdu and Hindi, one of the words that I cannot make sense of is "paraanie" (Dutch spelling). Can anyone tell me the origin and meaning of this word? At first I...
  34. R

    Sanskrit: yAvat

    The quote above is from vajracchedikā nāma triśatikā prajñāpāramitā. Sorry again for that the text is long. Here my question and confusion is about the relative pronouns in Sanskrit. "yAvat" means as much. It's a relative pronoun, isn't it? then here in the sentence the correlative is "te"? The...
  35. R

    Sanskrit: añjalim

    The quote above is from vajracchedikā nāma triśatikā prajñāpāramitā。I roughly know the meaning and the function of every word of the sentence except one "añjalim". I don't know why it take as the acc. case which means it's the object, then which verb should govern it? At least the verb should be...
  36. A

    Hindi, Sanskrit: तमाच्छन्न vs तमसाच्छन्न

    Dear forumers, I need your help in ascertaining the meaning of these words. After deep digging, I found that in Dr. Hardev Bhari's Advanced Leaner's English-Hindi Dictionary (which I have a copy of) the meaning of these words is "pervaded or covered with darkness, gloomy, enveloped in gloom". It...
  37. R

    Sanskrit: tasya kālaM kurvataH

    yaḥ kaścicchāriputra kulaputro vā kuladuhitā vā tasya bhagavato'mitāyuṣastathāgatasya nāmadheyaṃ śroṣyati, śrutvā ca manasikariṣyati, ekarātraṃ vā dvirātraṃ vā trirātraṃ vā catūrātraṃ vā pañcarātraṃ vā ṣaḍrātraṃ vā saptarātraṃ vāvikṣiptacitto manasikariṣyati, yadā sa kulaputro vā kuladuhitā vā...
  38. I

    Sanskrit: Fear is not an option

    Hi! I've had trouble finding translation for the phrase 'fear is not an option' in sanskrit. I'd like to have the phrase as a tattoo. Can anyone help me?
  39. Shounak

    Sanskrit:पश्यामि बहुलान राजन वृक्षान उदक संश्रयान

    Hello All, Can anyone please help me to translate it word by word पश्यामि बहुलान राजन वृक्षान उदक संश्रयान सारसानं ...........??
  40. R

    Sanskrit: tenopasaMkrāman and nyaSīdan

    atha khalu saṃbahulā bhikṣavo yena bhagavāṃstenopasaṃkrāman| upasaṃkramya bhagavataḥ pādau śirobhirabhivandya bhagavantaṃ triṣpradakṣiṇīkṛtya ekānte nyaṣīdan from Vajracchedikā Here the subject of both tenopasaMkrāman and nyaSīdan is "saṃbahulā bhikṣavo", then why the two present active...
  41. Shounak

    Sanskrit:अब्रवीद भ्रातरं

    Hello All, In the following text: Bhrataram jyeshtham after that is it bhivikshya or avikshya ? I think it means observation?
  42. Shounak

    Sanskrit: प्रसुप्ताविव तौ दृष्टा नरसिंहः

    Hello All, Attached herein please find the image प्रसुप्त means sleep. So can anyone tell me the word to word meaning? Seeing that they are asleep, the 'Narsimha' -- the lion among men, extremely sad raised his bow, started looking in the forest...... Is it something like this?
  43. R

    Sanskrit: gate pāragate pārasaṃgate bodhi svāhā

    I'd like to ask about the word "gate" from the mantra of Heart Sutra: tadyathā- gate gate pāragate pārasaṃgate bodhi svāhā|| Here from which word is "gate" derived? Which form of case does "gate" here take? Thanks a lot.
  44. R

    Sanskrit: pañca skandhāḥ

    āryāvalokiteśvarabodhisattvo gambhīrāyāṃ prajñāpāramitāyāṃ caryāṃ caramāṇo vyavalokayati sma| pañca skandhāḥ, tāṃśca svabhāvaśūnyān paśyati sma|| Why does here "pañca skandhāḥ" take nominative plural form instead of accusative plural? I am confused about it. I need your help. Thanks a lot.
  45. Shounak

    Sanskrit:किं ब्राह्मणानां देवत्वं कश्च

    Hello, In the following text "satamiva".. Can anyone explain the meaning, breaking it down to words? This has reference to "यक्षप्रश्न " between Yaksh and Yudhishthira.
  46. Shounak

    Sanskrit:विक्रेतुकामाखिल गोपकन्या, मुरारी पादार्पित चित्तवृतिः

    Hello, विक्रेतुकामाखिल गोपकन्या, मुरारी पादार्पित चित्तवृतिः। दध्यादिकं मोहावशादवोचद्, गोविन्द दामोदर माधवेति॥ गृहे-गृहे गोपवधू कदम्बा:, सर्वे मिलित्वा समवाप्ययोगम् In the above mentioned text विक्रे -- sell कामाखिल = is it kam + akhil ? मुरारी पादार्पित चित्तवृतिः -- In the feet of Murari, I...
  47. Shounak

    Sanskrit:करारविन्देन पदार्विन्दं

    Hello, I was going through Madhura Shatakam. Can anyone please explain me the following, word to word meaning: करारविन्देन पदार्विन्दं, मुखार्विन्दे विनिवेशयन्तम् वटस्य पत्रस्य पुटेशयानं, बालं मुकुन्दं मनसा स्मरामि Here विन्दे does it relate to "vandana" ? Thanks
  48. Shounak

    Sanskrit: मुक्त प्राय

    Hello All, When I am reading the above line with grammar, Eko -- One Drashtasi -- Sees Mukt -- Free, after that what it would be? How to break and know the meaning? Then the next line shows: Ayam -- This Iwa -- like/almost bandho -- binding drashtaram -- sees pashyasi -- see Then it is...
  49. C

    Sanskrit/Tibetan: སྭཱ་ཧཱ स्वाहा।

    Bonjour, Je recherche le phonème en sanskrit (en photo). Je souhaiterais que quelqu'un me le communique en " plein texte" . Merci I look for this phoneme in Sanskrit ( see the photo). I would like someone to share it with me in "full text". Thanks Regards, Cleodalis
  50. P

    All IIR Languages: Sanksritic v to b

    Perhaps this has been adressed before, but does anyone know why/how/when some sanskrit words with V in them started to become B in hindustani? Off the top of my head; veer --> beer, vikram --> bikram. Maybe this is not a hindustani thing but a dialect one. Thanks!